Essay on international literacy day 2021, Activities, Celebration, and theme

Essay on international literacy day 2021, Activities, Celebration, and theme

What is International Literacy Day.

Educations is very necessary for every people. Because without education we can not develop our society, state and our country at all. Hence taking in this attention literacy day is invented. The meant of literacy you already understand because education is a better way better manner to separate man and animal.

What is the meaning of International Literacy Day ?

It is an International festival and deserves every year on the 8th of September. The main meaning to deserve this is that we start everything as a festival. Because we know that education is the main needy of humans because to live better and develop to their society and countryman have to educate. Because we better know when will be educated. Hence we are going to write an essay on International Literacy day for children and students.

What is the difference between man and animals? Can you tell any idea?

The biggest difference is education. Education is what separates us from animals. Why is education important for us? If we want to live as human beings, then we have to adopt education.

Essay on international literacy day 2021, Activities, Celebration, and theme
International Literacy Day

When was the first International Literacy Day celebrated?

When the people of the world learned that education is very important according to all the needs of humans. Therefore, all the world communities gathered and entrusted the responsibility of this work to UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization).


Then UNESCO, in consultation with all the officials, came to this conclusion and announced on 17 November 1965 that we all people of the world community would celebrate 8 September every year as “International Literacy Day”. Since then,


International Literacy Day is celebrated every year on 8 September. And the first “International Literacy Day” was celebrated on 8 September 1966.


Today we have all celebrated the 52nd ‘International Literacy Day’ with a resolve to end illiteracy from the world. Today, every person of the society and every community are aware of education and the whole world believes it.


This day is especially celebrated to bring attention to the rate of adult education and literacy for the international community.

You all know that illiteracy is a curse. There is a huge difference between an all society and a rude society.


Our country of India is a rural-dominated country and 70 percent of its population lives in villages, which are victims of poverty, superstition, illiteracy and many other forms of exploitation. Through the literacy movement, much such caste, religion, local and provincial discrimination have been broken and made people aware.


To live a respectable life, it is important for everyone to be educated.

The main goal is to educate all the people in the world. Its goal is to make children, adults, women and old people literate.

International literacy day activities

Even though the world has celebrated 52nd World Literacy Day. But according to a recent report, the literacy ratio in India is very useful.


UNESCO’s Global Education Monitoring has presented a report about India, according to which it will be able to achieve the global target of primary education in 2050, secondary education in 2060 and higher secondary education in 2085.


Before independence, the condition of our country was very bad. But since independence, the literacy graph in the country has increased by 57 percent; despite this we are quite backward globally.


According to the 2011 census the literacy rate of our states is as follows: –

  • Kerala 93.91 %
  • Lakshadweep 92.28%
  • Mizoram 91.58%
  • Tripura 87.75 %
  • Goa 87.40%
  • Delhi 86.34%

In the case of the world, India has a literacy rate of 75.06%, which is very low. Whereas, to increase the rate of education in the country, meaningful steps are being taken in this direction through Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Adult Education Scheme, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme and Saakshar Bharat. According to the 2011 census, the literacy rate in the country is 75.06. However, in the year 1947 it was just 18 percent.


Like the economic inequality in the country, the percentage of literacy is also different among women and men. While the literacy rate of males is 82.14%, its percentage among females is just 65.46. The reason for low literacy among women is over population and lack of knowledge of family planning.

According to the 2011 Census, literacy in the country has increased at the rate of 9.2 percent. According to UNESCO, around 78 crore people worldwide are illiterate. 75% of these 78 crore people are only in these 10 countries which include India, China, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Pakistan, Ethiopia, Brazil, Indonesia and Congo. However, there are some of these 10 countries whose literacy rate has increased rapidly in the last few years. This includes Nepal, Ethiopia and Bangladesh.

Why we celebrate international literacy day/ How to celebrate international literacy day


Education is very important for the all round development of man. It is the foundation of taking a society and country on the path of progress.


Education is necessary for all the activities like proper development of human beings and knowing their rights for the society. If you are educated then your wife will also be educated, as a result children will also be educated only then the country will grow.


Eradicating poverty, reducing child mortality, controlling population growth, achieving gender equality, etc. is very important to root out. If we are literate then only we can enhance the prestige of family and country. Literacy Day celebration is constantly celebrated to promote people towards achieving education and to understand their responsibility for family, society and country.

World literacy day 2019 theme

The first literacy program was held in Bangladesh capital Dhaka. And the international seminar was organized on the foundation of sustainable development of girls and women literacy and education with the help of the government of UNESCO.


And the theme of the year 2019 Literacy Day- Literacy and Sustainable Development. Literacy is one of the key elements, which is necessary to promote sustainable development. Since literacy empowers the common man, human beings can take right decisions about environment including increasing their economic capacity and social development.

international literacy day 2020 theme

In the year 2020 entire world is a victim of the pandemic of Covid-19, still, UNESCO focuses on the world and learn to fight off the Covid crisis to help peoples live with dignity and makes them self-sufficient. Literacy day teaches the role of educators and changing pedagogies. The theme for 2020 was is “Literacy teaching and learning in the COVID-19 crisis and beyond.

Slogan on world literacy day

UNESCO’s Literacy Mission.

  • All the people will be literate, the country will develop.
  • Literate citizen progressive nation.
  • Thinking of UNESCO, make every citizen literate.
  • The effort of UNESCO, every citizen should have access to education.
  • Pure safe effective, UNESCO literacy mission is profitable.
  • The concept of UNESCO, will adopt full literacy


We all Indians should celebrate with enthusiasm and gaiety on “International Literacy Day”. The illiterate nation can never go on the path of progress. Education removes the darkness and evils spread in our country and society.


Due to lack of education, incidents like poverty, lack of toilets in school, rape and molestation of girls, casteism, and apathy of parents towards daughters’ education continue to happen.

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