Shyama Prasad Mukherjee biography for students and children’s


Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Education

Education is considered the mainstay of life in his family. Therefore, his education started from Bhawanipur in south Kolkata district from 1906. He started primary education at Mitra Institute. He later passed the matriculation examination in 1914.

After passing the matriculation examination, he enrolled in the Presidency College. He passed the inter exam in 1916 with very good marks and enrolled in English for graduation. Bachelor’s degree in English subject in 1921 and studied MA in Bengali language. He is very popular student in his class.

He completed the Master of Arts examination in first class. After that, he decided to become advocate and in 1924 he complete graduation in Bachelor of Laws degree. After completing his studies of advocacy, he started working in the Calcutta High Court as a advocate.

He became very sad after his father’s sudden death in 1927. At the time of his father’s death, his age was only 23 years old. He went to England in 1926 to study barrister. He went to England and attended Lincoln Inn College. After completing his barrister’s studies, he returned to India in 1927 and became a member of the English Bar Association.

In 1934, at the age of 33, he selected for the post of Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University. For the first time, the University of Calcutta got the youngest Vice Chancellor. They achieved everything very quickly. And he held the charge for four years till 1938.

During his tenure of vice-Chancellor the Vishwaguru poet Ravindranath Tagore gave his first speech at a convocation ceremony in Bengali language. And Hindi language was presented as a top most language of all highest examination.

Seeing its merit and quality, the Senate of Calcutta University awarded him D.Litt on 10 September 1938.

Politics career before Independence

Prior to India’s independence, Mukherjee entered politics in 1929 as a candidate for the Congress Party. But he resigned the next year due to the boycott of the Congress legislature. He then contested as an independent candidate in 1937 on a Krishak Praja Party ticket and emerged victorious.

In them, the spirit of service to the country was filled with the code. Therefore, he resigned from his post on 20 November 1942. Because of the severe floods in Midnapore, there was loss of life and property which was prevented from going there.

After his resignation, he gathered support and organized relief with the help of Mahabodhi Society, Ramakrishna Mission and Marwari Relief Society. In 1946, he was again elected as an independent candidate from the University of Calcutta. He was elected as a member of the Constituent Assembly of India in the same year.

Become Leader of Hindu Mahasabha

Mukherjee took membership of Bengal Hindu Mahasabha in 1939. He was made acting president in 1940 by the party command. In view of his work, he was made a member of the All India Hindu Mahasabha in 1943.

Politics career after Independence

India got independent on 15 August 1947. He was given the post of Minister of Industry and Supply in Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet. But they did not agree with some decisions taken by the central government. As a result, he resigned from his post.

After boycott from the Congress party, he founded the Bharatiya Jana Sangh Party (BJS) on 21 October 1951, after taking advice of many political experts. And became the first member of this party. In 1952 Lok Sabha elections, his party contested and won 3 seats. The main objective of the Bharatiya Jan Sangh Party was to build the nation.

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